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Freedom Holding Corp. Reports Third Quarter Fiscal Year 2024 Financial Results

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With $419 Million in Reported Revenue, Company Remains on Pace for a Record Year

ALMATY, Kazakhstan–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Freedom Holding Corp. (NASDAQ: FRHC) (the “Company”), a diversified financial services holding company with operations in the Central Asia and Eastern Europe, Europe Excluding Eastern Europe, the United States, and the Middle East/Causaus, today announced the financial results for their third quarter and nine months ended December 31, 2023, of fiscal 2024. Highlights include the following:

FRHC

  • $419 million in revenue
  • Net income of $96 million, or $1.63 earnings per share, diluted
  • Operating expenses of $307 million
  • 177% increase in insurance underwriting premiums to approximately $79 million
  • New branch offices now include Italy, The Netherlands, Austria, and Bulgaria

Third Quarter Financial Highlights:

The Company recognized revenue of approximately $419 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2024, compared to $214 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2023, a 96% increase. The Company’s operating expense was approximately $307 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2024 compared to $163 million for the same period last year, an increase of approximately 89%.

Net income was approximately $96 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2024 compared to $62.4 million for the same period in fiscal 2023, a 54% increase, providing for basic and diluted earnings per share of $1.65 and $1.63, respectively. This compares to $1.06 and $1.05 for the same period last year. Weighted average common shares outstanding used to compute diluted earnings per share for the three-month periods ended December 31, 2023, and 2022 were 59.3 million basic and 59.5 million, respectively.

Nine Months Year to Date Financial Highlights:

For the nine months ending December 31, 2023, the Company’s revenue totaled approximately $1.2 billion compared to $567 million for the prior year period, an increase of 107%. The Company’s operating expense was $840 million for the period as compared to $401 million in the prior year period.

Net income was approximately $279 million for the first nine months of fiscal 2024, compared to $149 million for the same period in 2023, providing for basic and diluted earnings per share of $4.79 and $4.73, respectively. This compares to $2.54 and $2.50 for the same period last fiscal year. Weighted average common shares outstanding used to compute diluted earnings per share for the nine-month periods ended December 31, 2023, and 2022 were 59.3 million and 59.5 million, respectively.

Balance Sheet Highlights:

Total assets were $7.5 billion on December 31, 2023, as compared to $5.1 billion on the March 31, 2023, fiscal year-end. Net working capital increased to $1.0 billion for the period ended December 31, 2023, up from $771 million on March 31, 2023.

Brokerage Customer Information:

Total brokerage customer count for the Company increased to approximately 458,000 at December 31, 2023, as compared to approximately 370,000 customers at the fiscal year ended March 31, 2023. Approximately 56% of these customers carried positive cash or asset account balances.

“Our Central Asia and Eastern European business lead the way for growth…”

Commenting on the quarterly results, Timur Turlov, the Company’s founder and chief executive officer, stated, “Our fiscal year 2024 has been excellent thus far, highlighted by the planned diversification of our revenue streams and the healthy expansion of almost all business lines in each of our regions. Central Asian operations (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Kyrgyzstan) accounted for approximately 86% of our revenue for the quarter, totaling $361 million, a 137% increase over the same period last year.”

“Our Central Asia and Eastern European business lead the way for growth for our enterprise, which includes our Freedom Finance Bank, Freedom Finance Global, Freedom Finance JSC, and our insurance divisions: Freedom Life and Freedom Insurance,” Turlov remarked, “contributing approximately $361 million in total revenue from these divisions.” He further highlighted that, “Our Europe, Excluding Eastern Europe business line reported $39.5 million in revenue during the reporting period, and we are pleased to have announced the opening of a number of branch offices including Italy, Netherlands, Austria and Bulgaria.”

“Our operating expenses grew in line with our strategic expansion…”

In the third quarter of fiscal 2024, Freedom Holding Corp. reported $307 million in expenditures, an 88% increase over the same period last year. “Our operating expenses grew in line with our strategic expansion plans for this year, which we fully expected,” stated Turlov. “This also coincided with increased interest expenses of approximately $131 million as the amount of short-term financing through repurchase agreements and percentage costs on clients’ deposits have grown as well.”

Highlighted by $96 million in net income, this was another great quarter for Freedom overall and despite market challenges, our growth story continues, driven by our strategy to diversify our revenue streams. Our aim of building out a digital fintech ecosystem where our customers can access a broad array of financial and ancillary services in a one-stop-shopping fashion continues to bear fruit, particularly in our Central Asian markets, where our cross-selling capabilities continue to expand,” stated Turlov. “Of course, none of this could have happened without the support of our group of highly trained professionals and service partners who work to meet the diversified financial needs of our customer base every day. In doing so together, we continue to build credibility and earn the trust of all stakeholders in the Freedom universe, and we look forward to what the future will bring for our organization,” Turlov concluded.

Additional select third quarter fiscal 2024 highlights:

Similar to the preceding quarter ended September 30, 2023, interest income was the key driver of Freedom Holding Corp.’s performance, reaching $226 million, an 182% year-over-year increase, largely due to the expansion of the Company’s securities portfolio, an increase in the amount of bonds held as a percentage of total trading securities, an increase in margin loans and an increase in issued retail banking loans.

The Company realized a net loss from securities trading of approximately $5.1 million for the third quarter of fiscal 2024, compared to a gain of $25.5 million in the third quarter of fiscal 2023 due primarily to the decline in the value of Kazakhstan Development Fund bonds. The Company also realized a 177% increase in insurance underwriting income to approximately $79 million during the quarter as compared to $28.6 million for the same period of the previous fiscal year.

Fee and commission income rose by 49% to approximately $120 million as compared to the same quarter last year thanks to the overall general growth of the Company’s operations between the comparable quarters and the migration of clients from our Belize affiliate to brokerage accounts at companies within our group. This revenue line was positively impacted by an increase in fee and commission income from payment processing at Paybox and its subsidiaries, which were acquired in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2023.

About Freedom Holding Corp.

Freedom Holding Corp., a Nevada corporation, is a diversified financial services holding company conducting retail securities brokerage, investment research, investment counseling, securities trading, investment banking and underwriting services, mortgages, insurance, and consumer banking through its subsidiaries, operating under the name Freedom Finance in Europe and Central Asia, and Freedom Capital Markets in the United States. Through its subsidiaries, Freedom Holding Corp. employs more than 5,000 people and is a professional participant in the Kazakhstan Stock Exchange, the Astana International Exchange, the Republican Stock Exchange of Tashkent, and the Uzbek Republican Currency Exchange and is a member of the New York Stock Exchange and the Nasdaq Stock Exchange.

Freedom Holding Corp. is headquartered in Almaty, Kazakhstan, and has operations and subsidiaries in 19 countries, including Kazakhstan, the United States, Cyprus, Poland, Spain, Uzbekistan, and Azerbaijan, among others.

Freedom Holding Corp.’s common shares are registered with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission and are traded under the symbol FRHC on the Nasdaq Capital Market, operated by Nasdaq, Inc.

To learn more about Freedom Holding Corp., visit www.freedomholdingcorp.com.

Cautionary Note Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This release contains “forward-looking” statements, including with respect to Freedom Holding Corp.’s (the “Company”) potential for future growth and success. All forward-looking statements are subject to uncertainty and changes in circumstances. In some cases, forward-looking statements can be identified by terminology such as “expect,” “new,” “plan,” “seek,” and “will,” or the negative of such terms or other comparable terminology used in connection with any discussion of future plans, actions, and events. Forward-looking statements are not guarantees of future results or performance and involve risks, assumptions, and uncertainties that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from the events or results described in, or anticipated by, the forward-looking statements. Factors that could materially affect such forward-looking statements include certain economic, business, and regulatory risks and factors identified in the Company’s periodic and current reports filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. All forward-looking statements are made only as of the date of this release and the Company assumes no obligation to update forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events or circumstances. Readers should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements.

Website Disclosure

Freedom Holding Corp. intends to use its website, https://ir.freedomholdingcorp.com, as a means for disclosing material non-public information and for complying with U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Regulation FD and other disclosure obligations.

Financial Tables to Follow

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)

(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, unless otherwise stated)

December 31, 2023

March 31, 2023

ASSETS

Cash and cash equivalents

561,883

581,417

Restricted cash

384,553

445,528

Trading securities

3,680,453

2,412,556

Available-for-sale securities, at fair value

202,497

239,053

Margin lending, brokerage and other receivables, net

961,392

376,329

Loans issued

1,346,005

826,258

Fixed assets, net

78,099

54,017

Intangible assets, net

46,771

17,615

Goodwill

52,238

14,192

Right-of-use asset

34,180

30,345

Insurance contract assets

12,728

13,785

Other assets, net

88,244

73,463

TOTAL ASSETS

7,449,043

5,084,558

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Securities repurchase agreement obligations

2,889,173

1,517,416

Customer liabilities

2,248,042

1,925,247

Margin lending and trade payables

145,804

122,900

Liabilities from insurance activity

242,179

182,502

Current income tax liability

27,711

4,547

Debt securities issued

266,310

60,025

Lease liability

34,614

30,320

Liability arising from continuing involvement

494,513

440,805

Other liabilities

61,447

30,060

TOTAL LIABILITIES

6,409,793

4,313,822

SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

Preferred stock

Common stock

59

59

Additional paid in capital

167,465

164,162

Retained earnings

903,517

647,064

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(34,845

)

(34,000

)

TOTAL FRHC SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

1,036,196

777,285

Noncontrolling interest

3,054

(6,549

)

TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

1,039,250

770,736

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

7,449,043

5,084,558

CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS AND STATEMENTS OF OTHER

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (Unaudited)

(All amounts in thousands of United States dollars, unless otherwise stated)

Three months ended December 31

Nine months ended December 31

2023

2022

2023

2022

Revenue:

Fee and commission income

120,159

80,883

330,565

253,486

Net (loss)/gain on financial instruments through profit and loss

(5,089

)

25,456

77,498

38,894

Interest income

226,445

80,255

588,857

187,817

Insurance underwriting income

79,017

28,557

181,882

78,998

Net gain on foreign exchange operations

38,825

20,866

54,430

30,014

Net loss on derivative

(42,568

)

(21,469

)

(71,795

)

(22,523

)

Other income/ (expense)

1,845

(570

)

8,988

(79

)

TOTAL REVENUE, NET

418,634

213,978

1,170,425

566,607

Expense:

Fee and commission expense

42,818

18,314

103,116

60,068

Interest expense

131,223

52,037

365,650

132,971

Insurance claims incurred, net of reinsurance

40,989

17,419

96,491

51,586

Payroll and bonuses

45,083

21,610

116,711

55,252

Professional services

6,217

5,901

24,793

14,174

Stock compensation expense

1,039

2,939

3,303

6,519

Advertising expense

11,066

3,730

27,805

9,479

General and administrative expense

32,106

16,428

86,211

40,943

(Recovery)/Allowance for expected credit losses

(3,526

)

24,140

15,462

30,294

TOTAL EXPENSE

307,015

162,518

839,542

401,286

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAX

111,619

51,460

330,883

165,321

Income tax expense

(15,544

)

(5,069

)

(51,408

)

(26,567

)

INCOME FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS

96,075

46,391

279,475

138,754

INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAX EXPENSE OF DISCONTINUED OPERATION

13,667

14,467

Income tax benefit/(expense) of discontinued operations

2,342

(4,538

)

INCOME FROM DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS

16,009

9,929

NET INCOME

96,075

62,400

279,475

148,683

Less: Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in subsidiary

(293

)

(464

)

(842

)

(1,508

)

NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON SHAREHOLDERS

96,368

62,864

280,317

150,191

OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME

Change in unrealized gain/(loss) on investments available-for-sale, net of tax effect

1,486

(54

)

5,893

2,309

Reclassification adjustment for net realized (loss)/gain on available-for-sale investments disposed of in the period, net of tax effect

(1,881

)

320

(3,145

)

197

Foreign currency translation adjustments

28,100

(5,611

)

(3,593

)

(301

)

OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME/(LOSS)

27,705

(5,345

)

(845

)

2,205

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME BEFORE NONCONTROLLING INTERESTS

123,780

57,055

278,630

150,888

Less: Comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interest in subsidiary

(293

)

(464

)

(842

)

(1,508

)

COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO COMMON SHAREHOLDERS

124,073

57,519

279,472

152,396

EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE (In U.S. dollars):

Earnings from continuing operations per common share – basic (Restated)

1.65

0.79

4.79

2.37

Earnings from continuing operations per common share – diluted (Restated)

1.63

0.78

4.73

2.33

Earnings/(loss) from discontinued operations per common share – basic

0.27

0.17

Earnings/(loss) from discontinued operations per common share – diluted

0.27

0.17

Earnings per common share – basic (Restated)

1.65

1.06

4.79

2.54

Earnings per common share – diluted (Restated)

1.63

1.05

4.73

2.50

Weighted average number of shares (basic)

58,578,691

58,678,730

58,557,577

58,642,637

Weighted average number of shares (diluted)

59,289,256

59,522,701

59,287,086

59,527,743

Contacts

Ramina Fakhrutdinova (KZ)
Public Relations
Freedom Finance JSC
+7 777 377 8868
pr@ffin.kz

Al Palombo (US)
Global Communications Chief
Freedom US Markets
+1 212-980-4400, Ext. 1013
apalombo@freedomusmkts.com

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